What Are The Causes Of Gynaecomastia


Gynaecomastia can be simply defined as the condition wherein there is a benign or non-cancerous increase in the amplitude of the breast tissues in men. New born babies, adolescent boys, older and obese men often experience such a condition when there is a certain increase in the size of their breasts. While it is natural for new born babies and adolescent boys to experience gynaecomastia due to the maternal hormones and the onset of puberty respectively, it might not be that simple for other people. Though, Gynaecomastia is mostly benign and painless, some people might however, suffer from Gynaecomastia due to cancerous growth leading to painful experience.

Causes of Gynaecomastia are as follows :

The condition of Gynaecomastia or more simply the developing of breasts in men may occur due to one or more than one of the following reasons-

Hormonal Imbalance:

The balance of oestrogen and testosterone, the two sex hormones is vital in all human beings. While oestrogen is responsible for the development of breasts in the female body, testosterone, on the other hand, is responsible for the development of beard, moustaches and the other such biological features in a male body. The oestrogen level in men is dominated by the testosterone levels, thereby, inhibiting the growth of breast tissues. However, an imbalance in these hormones, where the level of oestrogen becomes more than testosterone, results in the growth of breast tissues leading to gynaecomastia.


Obesity often leads to an increase in the oestrogen levels in the human body, resulting in the growth of breast tissues in men. This can finally lead to gynaecomastia. For more details on  Gynaecomastia  check Emikolo

Puberty as a Cause of Gynaecomastia:

The levels of oestrogen and testosterone might often change during puberty- the oestrogen level might increase, thereby leading to gynaecomastia. This condition is generally resolved without medical interference within a couple of years. However, 25% of gynaecomastia in adolescent boys needs medical attention for resolution.

Old Age Can Cause Gynaecomastia:

The levels of testosterone might go down as men become older because of reduced production of the hormone in the body. Older men also tend to accumulate more fat in their system. All of these reasons might lead to the development of breast tissues in older men, thereby leading to gynaecomastia.

Maternal Hormones as a Cause of Gynaecomastia in New Born Babies:

A baby in the womb is connected to the mother by means of the placenta. Often, oestrogen passes through the placenta from the mother into the baby’s body. Thus, a new born baby might be affected by gynaecomastia. However, the condition is likely to be resolved within a few weeks post birth.

Apart from the afore-mentioned causes, gynaecomastia can also be caused by certain other factors, including-

A. Over-consumption of alcohol

B. Certain health conditions, such as, kidney and liver diseases

C. As side effects of certain medications, such as, medications for heart diseases, anti-ulcer medications and the like.

D. Genetic disorders such as Klinefelter’s Syndrome

E. Use of drugs such as anabolic steroids or cannabis

F. Issues in the testicles such as development of lumps.

The Average Cost Of Gynaecomastia

Gynaecomastia cost ranges from 50,000 to 1 lakh. In corporate hospitals it ranges from 1 lakh to 2 lakhs, however this will depend on your particular case. This can only be determined during a consultation with your surgeon, and following that an accurate price can be quoted.

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